Judge Cartoon Key

in "Dress Parade of the Awkward Squad"

(in tent)

1. Robert Green Ingersoll

2. Henry Ward Beecher was the best-known Presbyterian preacher of the time. In 1872 revelations about his affair with a married woman rocked his career, but did not sink it. Despite their differing views, Ingersoll and Beecher had high regard for each other. When Beecher died in 1887, Ingersoll gave his eulogy.

(Awkward Squad)

3. Samuel Tilden, Democratic presidential nominee in 1876, lost to Rutherford B. Hayes on the basis of disputed electoral votes.

4. Roscoe Conkling, U.S. Senator from New York and Republican Party power broker. The "306" medallion refers to the number of votes Conkling secured in an unsuccessful effort to "rig" the 1880 Republican convention in favor of Ulysses S. Grant. James A. Garfield, not Grant, was nominated (and elected). When Conkling died, in 1888, Ingersoll gave the eulogy at his funeral also.

5. Ulysses S. Grant. Civil War general and 18th president, also wears the "306" medallion. His administration and its members were tarred by numerous scandals, including the famous Whisky Ring and Credit Mobilier scandals.

6. James G. Blaine, most popular Republican of his time, served as U.S. Congressman, Senator, and Secretary of State. Ingersoll cemented his oratorical reputation with the 1872 "Plumed Knight" speech proposing Blaine for the GOP presidential nomination. Blaine and Ingersoll split after 1881 over the "Star Route" postal scandal. When Blaine became the GOP presidential nominee in 1884, he was the only Republican presidential candidate for whom Ingersoll ever refused to campaign. Blaine lost to the Democrat Grover Cleveland.

7. Benjamin Franklin Butler, controversial Civil War military officer, governor of Massachusetts, U.S. Congressman, and a third-party Presidential candidate. As a Congressman he played a leading role in the 1868 impeachment of President Andrew Johnson.

8. John Kelley was known as "Honest John" after he wrested control of New York City's corrupt Tammany Hall from the abusive William Marcy "Boss" Tweed.

9. Carl Schurz, German-born antislavery activist, reformer, U.S. Senator, interior secretary, and newspaper editor, opposed the Spanish-American War.

10. Peter Cooper, manufacturer and philanthropist, oversaw construction of New York City's modern water supply. In 1876, at age 85, he ran as a third-party Presidential candidate.

11. David Davis, noted attorney, Supreme Court Justice, and U.S. Senator. In 1872 he was nominated for president by the Labor Reform Party, but declined to run.

12. Wayne McVeagh was President Garfield's attorney general and laid the groundwork for the politically divisive Star Route trials.